A palatal expander is a stainless steel appliance that is used to widen the upper jaw. Through a series of adjustments, the expander applies the gentle pressure need to move the upper jaw into the correct position.
A retainer is an appliance used to stabilize the teeth in their current position. The 2 basic parts of a retainer are a custom-made acrylic bite plate and a stainless steel wire. It is very common for patients to wear a retainer after completing orthodontic treatment with traditional braces, Invisalign® or lingual braces.
Separators are small rubber elastics that are used to create spaces between teeth. They exert a gentle outward pressure that forces two teeth away from each other. During orthodontic treatment, it is sometimes necessary to create space between teeth to allow for movement.
Headgear is a device that is used to correct over bites in children by preventing the jaw from growing forward. The headband sits on the head, and attaches to the mouth via elastic or rubber bands.
A facemask is a device that is used to correct under bites in children by directing the jaw to grow forward. The frame sits in front of the mouth, and attaches to the mouth via elastic or rubber bands.